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约克郡的旅游业1(Tourism in Yorkshire)
标签:居住出行,旅游,环境,约克郡
过去,约克郡当地居民的经济来源主要是来自于农业和工业,然而随着时代的变迁,农业和工业已无法再吸纳更多的劳动者,因此旅游业便逐渐成为这里最主要的收入来源。但旅游业的快速发展却又带来了一个新的问题——对自然环境的破坏。

1. rely on 依赖,依靠,指望
e.g. Tourism is more important now … so we have got to rely a lot on the tourists to try and make a little bit extra.
现在旅游业变得越来越重要,因此我们要依靠游客来多赚些钱。

2. as far as sth./sb. is concerned 就某人/某事物而言
e.g. It's good for them to come to a place like this because as far as the National Park is concerned, they don't want them driving around the roads with nothing to do …
对于他们来说,到这样的地方来是有好处的,因为如果是去国家公园的话,他们可不想在公路上转来转去,无所事事。

3. wear away 磨损,磨去,用旧
e.g. The main effect visitors have is to wear away the fragile top surface of the landscape which then erodes away in a very wide path and creates a scar on the landscape.
游客带来的主要影响是会损害脆弱的地表,于是地表的景色就会被渐渐地侵蚀,只剩下一条宽阔的道路,给美丽的景色留下一道伤疤。

4. honeypot 极有吸引力的事物
e.g. We can try and concentrate on the honeypot areas that provide the facilities.
我们可以尝试关注那些能够提供这些设施的旅游黄金区。

VO: With fewer jobs in heavy industry, tourism has become more important. Heather started selling teas from her front room.
Woman 1: It's doing quite well at the moment; the better the weather, the better the trade. There isn't as many people around when it's wet. Tourism is more important now; the quarry doesn't employ as many people; the farming now haven't as many people working, so we have got to rely a lot on the tourists to try and make a little bit extra.
VO: And for more and more people, tourism's becoming the main source of income. In Kilnsey, Vanessa's found it rivals their original business and the family fish farm has become a little theme park.
Vanessa: The source of the whole thing is the water and the water is incredible, and we just produce marvellous fish from the water.
VO: Because it's filtered through limestone it's very clean and coming from underground it's always cool. The bubbling and tumbling mean it's full of oxygen too which suits the trout.
Vanessa: If I see a family arrive in the morning they are probably there even at tea time, a bit poorer because they have bought a lot of fish or fished for a lot of fish. It's good for them to come to a place like this because as far as the National Park is concerned, they don't want them driving around the roads with nothing to do and there is nothing much else around here, so they come here and have a lovely day out. If they come with their children, they will obviously want to go to the fun fishing for a start and then they can go through to the Dales Experience.
VO: It's a day out, but are they really experiencing the Dales? Walkers might feel more in touch with the environment, but in fact they cause problems for the National Park. They've had to build a stone path on the popular routes. They change the look of the landscape but it's better than letting people wear their own paths everywhere. Mark and his team are maintaining a path at Ribblesdale.
Mark: The main effect visitors have is to wear away the fragile top surface of the landscape which then erodes away in a very wide path and creates a scar on the landscape. Most people are quite happy with the paths. Some don't like man-made paths in the natural landscape, but to solve the erosion there really is no alternative. We can't restrict the number of visitors to the park. We can try and concentrate on the honeypot areas that provide the facilities.
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